In the early days, heavenly bodies and other celestial objects were associated with some gods and any of their movements interpreted to mean prophecies of what would soon come to pass. New technological advances have led to rapid changes in the field of astronomy.
From the invention of new methods of data acquisition, discovery of new spectral zones, new space simulation methods, faster data capturing, processing, storage and accessibility, astronomy has never been the old century practice of its founders. Here is a look at how technology has changed astronomy today.
Observatories are now designing and acquiring very powerful and expensive telescopes, capable of gathering more light, observing farther into space, and achieving a higher image resolution as a result of their large diameters.
Accessibility of databases
Astronomers often use pre-collected data to conduct their research. The All Sky Automated Survey and the 2 Micron All Sky Survey are among the large survey programs that have provided pre-collected astronomical data. They have formed a continuous data inflow for the astronomers. Technological advances have now led to the prospecting for a virtual observatory where astronomers will spend a little time at a physical observatory owing to the large databases that will be available.
Faster data processing
Since the acquisition of data is now automated, most initial data processing procedures have also been automated to achieve speed and efficiency. This involves calibration and cleaning of spatial images to remove distortions. To achieve high-quality information, automation of data processing is one of the ways through which technology has changed astronomy.
Since astronomical data is constantly being generated, more data exploration needs to be done. Modern data exploration programs such as the Galaxy Zoo have created as a result of technology. More data programming and database management tools are still being employed by the modern day astronomers to facilitate accurate data exploration and interpretation.
There is no doubt that technology has played an important role in the realization of modern-day astronomy. Data is more readily available unlike before. Technology has led to the development of new astronomical discoveries that would not have realized if it were not for the modern technological trends.
New spectral regimes have discovered, space simulations have been made, and the old habits like the use of a telescope with a single eyepiece are long gone. Real-time time data capture and processing can now be done comfortably from the workstation, a clear indication that technology has changed astronomy today.